Qus:    What is MIXED-DML-OPERATION error and how to avoid?
Aug 14, 2021 02:25 1 Answers Views: 135 RAMU
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Answers (1)
NAIDU Aug 16, 2021 04:28
Answer:   If we perform DML operation on standard/custom object and global objects (User, User Role, Group, Group Member, Permission Set, etc…) in same transaction this error will come.
To avoid this error, we should perform DML operation on standard/custom object records in a different transaction.
In general all the apex classes and apex triggers execute synchronously (execute immediately).
If we perform DML operation on standard/custom object records asynchronously (execute in future context), we can avoid MIXED-DML-OPERATION error.
To execute logic asynchronously keep the logic in an apex method (in a separate apex class, not in same apex trigger) which is decorated with @future annotation.
See the below example:

Note: To analyse the code copy it and paste it in notepad for the convenience.

public class TriggerUtility {

1. Following future method execute asynchronously (whenever server is free it will execute in future context).
2. We should not declare @future method in Apex Trigger.
3. @future method should be always static.
4. @future method accepts only primitive data types (Integer, String, Boolean, Date, etc…) as parameters and it won’t accept non-primitive data types (sObject,Custom Objects and standard Objects etc.. ) as parameters.
5. @future method should not contain return type. Always it should be void.
6. From an apex trigger we can make only make asynchronous call outs. To make call out 7. we should include “callout = true” beside the future @annotation.
We cannot perform synchronous call outs from Apex Trigger.
//Below is the example for the future method –

@future(callout = true)

public static void processAsync(primitive parameters) {

//Logic to insert/update the standard/custom object.



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